First time trekking in Nepal?
Acclimatization & altitude sickness prevention when trekking
From April to the end of October, it is warm in Kathmandu. In Nepal clothing for traveling purpose should be comfortable and light. You can also wear longer shorts provided that it is weather- friendly. In the months of November to the end of March, days are usually warm and evenings are cool. Put on your summer clothes during the day time but in the evening and night it is advisable to carry a light jacket. Winter season starts from December to February. One must be equipped with sufficient winter wears like jackets, sweaters, trousers etc to stay protected from the cold.
Nepali currency is termed as Rupee. You can have your money exchanged at banks and hotels. Prior to any transaction, foremost inquire about the commission and charges that will be deducted for the money exchange at Nepal currency exchange rate. All major cards are accepted for tourist services. There is usually a 4% markup on top of the price.
Customs, traditions and Peoples:
Nepal has over 60 distinct ethnic groups with 49 different languages amongst them.
Nepal also marks the blissful confluence and harmony of Tantric Buddhism and Hinduism.
Nepalese are very welcoming minded to tourists is well-known around the world.
NAMASTE is very common word to greet peoples joint two hands together. When you enter in the houses or temples please do not forget to take off your shoes.
Please ask before you take any snaps of peoples and heritage sites especially inside the temples.
Main meals in Nepal is Dal Bhat and besides that Momo is very popular among Nepalese family.
Newars are very rich in their culture and traditions and they have their own many colourful festivals.
In Kathmandu the majority was dominated by Newars and still you will see festivities celebrating while you go around the Kathmandu.
We recommend that you read and have a general idea of the religions, cultural beliefs and traditional values prior to arrival.
Health & safety in Nepal
It is very important that you are drinking safe water in Nepal. We recommend you only to drink Bottled mineral water is available in every hotel and shops. If you are traveling in rural areas, like going for trekking, carry iodine tablets with you.
Consult your GP or travel health clinic well before departure to check on recommended vaccinations, which may include typhoid and hepatitis A, plus meningitis if trekking to outlying areas. Malaria is present below 1,200m; consider taking antimalarials. In town, stick to bottled water. Take water-purifying tablets with you if you’re trekking or heading off the beaten track.
If trekking at high altitude take precautions to avoid AMS (Acute Mountain Sickness). Make sure you are physically fit, acclimatise to the altitude slowly, eat high-carb meals and drink plenty of water. Wear sunscreen in the mountains, even when it’s cloudy. Robbery can be a problem in some areas; trek in a group to reduce the risk and keep an eye on the local press to find out about disturbances and impending demonstrations.
When trekking in Himalaya there is always danger of having altitude sickness, but it is not for everybody, it also depends on each and everybody’s physical condition. Altitude starts to effect us from 1,500 to 2,000 metres upwards. The higher we go on earth the lower the air pressure which means thinner air. This means with every breath you take the less oxygen there will be, we need oxygen to survive. The higher we go the more our bodies adapt by breathing faster and deeper. Our bodies also start to produce more red blood cells to carry more oxygen. This takes time. It's very important you take this seriously.
The initial symptoms of altitude sickness are as follows:
- Nausea, vomiting
- Loss of appetite
- Persistent headache
- Dizziness, light headedness, confusion
- Disorientation, drunken gait
- Weakness, fatigue, lassitude, heavy legs/li>
- Slight swelling of hands and face
- Breathlessness and Breathing irregularity
- Reduced urine output
All or some of these symptoms may be present in mild cases of AMS but they can rapidly worsen and become dangerously debilitating. In particular, as the symptoms worsen the victim will often become irrational and difficult to reason with. Their ability to make sensible decisions for themselves is increasingly impaired and their companions may be their only hope of survival. This is a compelling reason for never trekking alone at altitude. In the final stages of altitude sickness severe problems start to appear which can rapidly lead to loss of consciousness and death if untreated.
Reference site: https://www.mountainiq.com/resources/altitude-sickness/
You’ll spend your nights in teahouses / Local guest house
During your trek, you’ll be staying at local simple guest houses along the way. The guest houses offer basic twin bed accommodation. In those mountain lodges, you can not expect much like real guest houses in the city. It is cold in the night, we would recommend you to bring your own sleeping bag, if you do not have one, we can also provide you.
You have to share bathroom and toilet with other tourists and they have sometime hot shower..
You will have your meals in the guest houses Nepali Dal Bhat most of the time and some time Pizza and Pasta also available. For the breakfast, porridge, bread and eggs will be provided, while for lunch and dinner you’ll always be able to get Dal Bhat (lentil soup served with rice and vegetables curry), fried rice or chow mein noodles. In each village there are small Kiosk available where you can buy bottle water and few things as snacks chocolate bars, biscuits, soft drinks and potato chips – but they are more expensive than in the cities.
You can hire or buy many trekking items in Kathmandu or Pokhara
You will be carrying all your clothing gears along with you depending on the season but in case if you want to buy any trekking items in Kathmandu or Pokhara (especially clothing)
There are lots of trekking stores across Kathmandu’s Thamel district and in the main streets of Pokhara. Yes, most of it is imitation brand name gear made locally, but if you’re after basic hiking gear, it will do the job and it’s super cheap.
If you do want the real thing or you’re going high altitude and need something that’s guaranteed to withstand sub-zero temperatures, there’s a genuine North Face store in Kathmandu as well.
Items like sleeping bags, jackets and trekking poles are all easily hired from hiking outlet stores in Kathmandu or Pokhara from as little as a dollar a day. You can also buy backpacks, clothing, water bottles, batteries and torches. Pretty much everything related to trekking you’ll find somewhere in Kathmandu.
Trekking Gear that you should bring:
- Waterproof hiking boots (worn in)
- Waterproof backpack cover and dry bag
- Rain coat or Jacket
- Warm Jacket
- Water purification tablets
- Altitude sickness tablets
- Hand sanitiser
- First aid kit
- Warm sleeping bag
- Warm socks (several pairs)
- Torch and batteries
- Refillable water bottle
- Gloves and scarf (depending on season and altitude)
Best Time To Trek In Nepal
The best season go for Trekking in Nepal is during the dry and warm months from late February through to June and from September through to November.
During these months in trekking areas temperatures is stable in the morning 10 to 12 Celsius and during the day 15 to 20 Celsius depending on the Months. Most important thing is there will be less chance of rain, skies are often clear, providing great vistas of the Himalayas.
The monsoon starts from the month of June and it lasts till the months of July and August. These last two months are generally wet and unpleasant, you will find leeches on the trial. You can however find good trekking in rain-shadow areas like the Mustang and Dolpo during these months.
It is very cold in the winter months from December, January and February and if you plan to trek in those months it essential to bring very warm clothing. It is not ideal for elderly peoples and who can not enjoy challenging trekking tours in freezing condition.
Please visit the website for daily weather update http://www.mfd.gov.np/